Founded October 16, 1977
Demolished summer of 2005
Religious communal settlement in northern Samaria. Founding movement: Amana. Established in 1977. The community numbered 15 families and was planned for 80 families. Housing consisted of permanent cube-shaped dwellings.
The settlement’s location was in northern Samaria, north of ancient Tel Shomron (Sebastia), adjacent to the main Shechem-Jenin road, near the old British police station.
The approach to the settlement is from Kedumim northwards, via Shavei Shomron (Road #60), and Homesh-Sanur, also via the “Gravediggers bloc” of settlements (Hinanit, Tal Menashe, Reihan and Shaked).
The settlement was located on a low hill with moderate slopes, above a large valley. Climate is temperate and dry.
The community’s name, Sanur, is a paraphrase of the name of an Arab village near eastern Sanur. Its former name was Dotan.
Sanur for years served as a transit camp for training settlement groups.
The consideration for its location – Jewish demographic concentration in an area devoid of Jewish settlement, on Road #60 on the Shechem-Jenin segment, as well as establishing Jewish settlements on State lands.
The site was first populated by the Dotan group in the fall of 1977. The group, aspiring to found Jewish settlements in northern Samaria, lived temporarily in the police building and in caravans, until receiving permission to settle in the established area, then called Mevo Dotan. In old Dotan (the present Sanur), there were a dormitory, kindergarten, small school and the “Dotan” school (where a handful of students from the Dotan settlement studied) in operation.
In 1979 the Dotan group moved to the permanent settlement of Mevo Dotan while a new secular group from the “National Workers” movement came into the temporary camp. Thus a new settlement bloc was created: Homesh and Sanur. In 1984 this group split into two groups that founded two settlements in the Jenin area: Ganim and Kadim.
In 1984 a new group of artists came, most of them new immigrants from the former U.S.S.R., so Sanur turned into an artists’ village.
During 2001, the number of artists grew smaller, while at the same time a number of religious Chabad families arrived.
Some identify Sanur with “Shamir” – the burial place of the judge “Tolea Ben Fuah”, the cousin of Isaschar (“and he sits in Shamir, on Mt. Ephraim”, Judges 10:1). At a later time, some of the researchers tried to determine whether Betulia, Yehudit’s village, was located here.
In the 19th century, Abdallah Fasha, the ruler of Acre in the north of the country, succeeded in conquering this village and the tower standing at its entrance from the Gerar family – the family who ruled the village and the area around it – with the help of a military force from Lebanon. This force was sent by Bashir the Second, the Emir of the Druze in Lebanon. The force also included two Jewish companies numbering about 100 fighters from the Lebanese villages of Chatzvia and Wadid el Kamar.